Exploring the Structure of Opioid Receptors with Homology Modeling based on Single and Multiple Templates and Subsequent Docking: A Comparative Study

Bera, Indrani and Laskar, Aparna and Ghoshal, Nanda (2011) Exploring the Structure of Opioid Receptors with Homology Modeling based on Single and Multiple Templates and Subsequent Docking: A Comparative Study. Journal of Molecular Modeling, 15 (7). pp. 1207-1221.


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    Opioid receptors are the principal targets for opioids, which have been used as analgesics for centuries. Opioid receptors belong to the rhodopsin family of G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs). In the absence of crystal structures of opioid receptors, 3D homology models have been reported with bovine rhodopsin as a template, though the sequence homology is low. Recently, it has been reported that use of multiple templates results in a better model for a target having low sequence identity with a single template. With the objective of carrying out a comparative study on the structural quality of the 3D models based on single and multiple templates, the homology models for opioid receptors (mu, delta and kappa) were generated using bovine rhodopsin as single template and the recently deposited crystal structures of squid rhodopsin, turkey β-1 and human β-2 adrenoreceptors along with bovine rhodopsin as multiple templates. In this paper we report the results of comparison between the refined 3D models based on multiple sequence alignment (MSA) and models built with bovine rhodopsin as template, using validation programs PROCHECK, PROSA, Verify 3D, Molprobity and docking studies. The results indicate that homology models of mu and kappa with multiple templates are better than those built with only bovine rhodopsin as template, whereas, in many aspects, the homology model of delta opioid receptor with single template is better with respect to the model based on multiple templates. Three nonselective ligands were docked to both the models of mu, delta and kappa opioid receptors using GOLD 3.1. The results of docking complied well with the pharamacophore, reported for nonspecific opioid ligands. The comparison of docking results for models with multiple templates and those with single template have been discussed in detail. Three selective ligands for each receptor were also docked. As the crystallographic structures are not yet known, this comparison will help in choosing better homology models of opioid receptors for studying ligand receptor interactions to design new potent opioid antagonists.

    Item Type: Article
    URI: http://www.eprints.iicb.res.in/id/eprint/104
    Subjects: Structural Biology & Bioinformatics
    Divisions: Indian Institute of Chemical Biology
    Depositing User: Mr Santanu Sadhukhan
    Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2011 17:45
    Last Modified: 17 Jan 2012 11:18
    Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00894-010-0803-8

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