Differential induction of Leishmania donovani bi-subunit topoisomerase I–DNA cleavage complex by selected flavones and camptothecin: activity of flavones against camptothecin-resistant topoisomerase I

Das, Benu Brata and Sen, Nilkantha and Roy, Amit and Bose Dasgupta, Somdeb and Ganguly, Agneyo and Mohanta, Bikash Chandra and Dinda, Biswanath and Majumder, Hemanta K (2006) Differential induction of Leishmania donovani bi-subunit topoisomerase I–DNA cleavage complex by selected flavones and camptothecin: activity of flavones against camptothecin-resistant topoisomerase I. Nucleic Acids Research, 34 (4). pp. 1121-1132.

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    Abstract

    Emergence of the bi-subunit topoisomerase I in the kinetoplastid family (Trypanosoma and Leishmania) has brought a new twist in topoisomerase research related to evolution, functional conservation and preferential sensitivities to the specific inhibitors of type IB topoisomerase family. In the present study,we describe that naturally occurring flavones baicalein, luteolin and quercetin are potent inhibitors of the recombinant Leishmania donovani topoisomerase I. These compounds bind to the free enzyme and also intercalate into the DNA at a very high concentration (300 mM) without binding to the minor grove. Here, we show that inhibition of topoisomerase I by these flavones is due to stabilization of topoisomerase I– DNA cleavage complexes, which subsequently inhibit the religation step. Their ability to stabilize the covalent topoisomerase I–DNA complex in vitro and in living cells is similar to that of the known topoisomerase I inhibitor camptothecin (CPT). However, in contrast toCPT, baicaleinand luteolinfailed to inhibit the religation step when the drugs were added to pre-formed enzyme substrate binary complex. This differential mechanism to induce the stabilization of cleavable complex with topoisomerase I and DNA by these selected flavones and CPT led us to investigate the effect of baicalein and luteolin on CPT-resistant mutant enzyme LdTOP1D39LS lacking 1–39 amino acids of the large subunit [B. B. Das, N. Sen, S. B. Dasgupta, A. Ganguly and H. K. Majumder (2005 J. Biol. Chem. 280, 16335–16344]. Baicalein and luteolin stabilize duplex oligonucleotide cleavage with LdTOP1D39LS. This observation was further supported by the stabilization of in vivo cleavable complex by baicalein and luteolin with highly CPT-resistant L.donovani strain. Taken together, our data suggest that the interacting amino acid residues of topoisomerase I may be partially overlapping or different for flavones and CPT. This study illuminates new properties of the flavones and provide additional insights into the ligand binding properties of L.donovani topoisomerase

    Item Type: Article
    URI: http://www.eprints.iicb.res.in/id/eprint/449
    Subjects: Infectious Diseases and Immunology
    Divisions: Indian Institute of Chemical Biology
    Depositing User: Ms Sutapa Ganguly
    Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2011 16:06
    Last Modified: 03 Feb 2012 11:37
    Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkj502
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