Expression of IL-10-Triggered STAT3-Dependent IL-4Ra is Required for Induction of Arginase 1 in Visceral Leishmaniasis

Biswas, Arunima and Bhattacharya, Arijit and Kar, Susanta and Das, Pijush K (2011) Expression of IL-10-Triggered STAT3-Dependent IL-4Ra is Required for Induction of Arginase 1 in Visceral Leishmaniasis. European Journal Immunology., 41. pp. 992-1003.

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    Abstract

    Although enhanced macrophage-specific arginase activity is directly related to increased parasite burden in cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), the regulation and precise role of arginase in the disease outcome of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) has yet to be explored. As in CL, BALB/c mice infected with Leishmania donovani showed increased levels of arginase in acute infection. Arginase 1 is the major isoform associated with infection and while the IL-4-induced arginase pathway is operative in CL, IL-10 plays a crucial role in modulating arginase activity in VL, although a synergism with IL-4 is required. IL-10, in combination with IL-4, regulated both in vivo and ex vivo arginase 1 induction in a STAT6 and C/EBPbdependent fashion. Further investigation toward the cause of such synergism suggests that induction of a STAT3-dependent IL-10-mediated cascade in VL triggers the expression and surface localization of the IL-4 receptor alpha (IL-4Ra) which, in turn, enhances IL-4 responsiveness toward STAT6 and C/EBPb-dependent signaling for arginase 1. This could also offer a mechanistic explanation for the fact that, in spite of the low level of IL-4 in VL, enhanced IL-4-Ra expression by IL-10 might markedly amplify IL-4-mediated arginase 1 signaling and provide a possible mechanism for synergistic induction of arginase 1.

    Item Type: Article
    URI: http://www.eprints.iicb.res.in/id/eprint/99
    Subjects: Infectious Diseases and Immunology
    Divisions: Indian Institute of Chemical Biology
    Depositing User: Ms Sutapa Ganguly
    Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2011 15:52
    Last Modified: 03 Feb 2012 11:07
    Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eji.201040940
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